Perbedaan Antara Hukum Federal dan Hukum Negara Bagian

Ketika Anda atau seseorang yang Anda cintai menghadapi tuntutan pidana, adalah bijaksana untuk mulai melakukan penelitian Anda untuk lebih memahami hukum dan apa yang mungkin Anda harapkan selama proses peradilan. Tempat paling mendasar untuk memulai adalah mempelajari perbedaan antara hukum negara bagian dan federal. Satu bidang hukum melibatkan hukuman pelanggaran ringan, sementara yang lain berurusan dengan kejahatan. Lanjutkan membaca untuk mempelajari apa yang perlu Anda ketahui tentang hukum negara bagian dan pengacara hukum bisnis federal, termasuk apa itu, kapan hukum itu dibuat, siapa yang menciptakannya, kekuatan konstitusionalnya, dan banyak lagi.

Negara hukum

Hukum negara bagian mengacu pada hukum yang digunakan setiap negara bagian di Amerika Serikat untuk mengatur warganya. Mereka disetujui oleh legislatif negara bagian, dan dilaksanakan setelah tanda tangan gubernur. Hukum negara bagian hanya berlaku di negara bagian mereka sendiri, namun, banyak negara bagian memiliki jenis hukum yang sama. Undang-undang ini tidak hanya berlaku untuk penduduk dan pengunjung negara bagian, tetapi juga berlaku untuk badan usaha, perusahaan, dan semua organisasi lain yang beroperasi di dalam batas negara.

Ketika seseorang melanggar hukum di tingkat negara bagian, mereka menghadapi hukuman atas pelanggaran Law Firm Jakarta ringan. Ada beberapa tingkat pelanggaran, yang semuanya datang dengan serangkaian hukuman dan prosedur tersendiri.

Hukum Federal

Hukum federal dibuat oleh Kongres Amerika Serikat. Sebelum undang-undang dapat menjadi undang-undang federal, RUU harus disahkan oleh kedua majelis Kongres, dan ditandatangani oleh Presiden Amerika Serikat. Undang-undang ini berlaku untuk semua orang di 50 negara bagian di negara ini, tanpa memandang kewarganegaraan. Konstitusi AS membentuk dasar hukum federal dengan menetapkan kekuasaan dan tanggung jawab pemerintah, serta melindungi hak-hak warga negara.

Ketika seseorang melanggar hukum di tingkat federal, mereka menghadapi hukuman atas pelanggaran kejahatan. Ada beberapa tingkat kejahatan, yang semuanya datang dengan serangkaian dampak tersendiri. Pelanggaran federal yang umum termasuk pembunuhan, penyerangan seksual, penipuan, pencurian, dan perdagangan narkoba.

Membandingkan Kekuatan

Paling sering, undang-undang negara bagian sejajar dengan undang-undang federal, tetapi kadang-kadang bertentangan satu sama lain. Dalam hal dominasi, hukum Federal selalu menang atas hukum negara bagian karena Konstitusi AS memberikan keunggulan pemerintah federal atas pemerintah negara bagian. Jadi jika ada kasus di mana kedua tingkat hukum tersebut bertentangan, keputusan federal akan berlaku.


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